Real PLI

Real PLI (Price Level Index)

Real PLI for Final Enegy Use

Real PLI

Unit: Index (the U.S. REP in each period=1.0). Period: Q1 2015–Q4 2024. Notes: The dotted line represents forecasts for Q1–Q4 in 2024. The prices are seasonally adjusted and include taxes and subsidies.



Real PLI for Electricity

1. Real PLI for Electricity Use

Real PLI

Unit: Index (the U.S. REP in each period=1.0). Period: Q1 2015–Q4 2024. Notes: The dotted line represents forecasts for Q1–Q4 in 2024. The prices are seasonally adjusted and include taxes and subsidies.



2. Real PLI for Household Electricity Use

Real PLI

Unit: Index (the U.S. REP in each period=1.0). Period: Q1 2015–Q4 2024. Notes: The dotted line represents forecasts for Q1–Q4 in 2024. The prices are seasonally adjusted and include taxes and subsidies.



3. Real PLI for Industry Electricity Use

Real PLI

Unit: Index (the U.S. REP in each period=1.0). Period: Q1 2015–Q4 2024. Notes: The dotted line represents forecasts for Q1–Q4 in 2024. The prices are seasonally adjusted and include taxes and subsidies.



Copyright© Nomura Lab at Keio Economic Observatory (KEO), Keio University, Tokyo. All Rights Reserved.